Star Fruit, Carambola Varieties, comparison chart

Below a chart of the different Star Fruit, Carambola trees that you can buy from Everglades.Farm

VarietyFruit SizeSweetnessComments
Arkin, FloridaMedium to LargeSweetpopular variety known for good quality and flavor
Fwang Tung, ThailandLargeSweet and tangyThe fruit of Fwang Tung is larger than other varieties
Golden Star, FloridaMedium to LargeTartFruit is tart unless picked fully ripe
Kary, HawaiiMedium to LargeSweetVery good quality and flavor, top seller
Lara, FloridaMedium to LargeSweetGood quality and flavor
Sri Kembangan, MalaysiaLargeSweetGood quality and flavor


Carambola trees thrive in a variety of well-drained soil types. They exhibit optimal growth in soils with a moderately acidic to neutral pH range of 4.5 to 7. However, in calcareous and high-pH soils exceeding 7, extra attention is necessary to prevent deficiencies in minor elements, specifically iron, manganese, and zinc. Please refer to the Fertilizer section for further guidance on this matter.

Sun Exposure

For optimal growth and fruit production, it is advisable to plant carambola trees in a location that receives full sun. Choose an area in the landscape that is well-separated from other trees, buildings, structures, and power lines. Keep in mind that if left unpruned, carambola trees can grow to a moderate size. Therefore, it is recommended to select the warmest part of the landscape that is shielded from persistent winds and does not experience flooding or prolonged wetness following regular summer rainfall.


Young trees should be irrigated regularly to facilitate tree establishment and growth. Once trees begin to bear (1 to 2 years after planting), trees should be irrigated regularly from flowering through harvest.


Carambola trees possess limited tolerance to drought. When subjected to excessively dry soil conditions, symptoms such as leaf folding, leaf wilting, yellowing and browning of leaves, leaf drop, reduced flowering and fruit size, as well as stem and limb dieback may occur. In severe drought conditions, the tree's survival may be compromised, leading to possible tree death.


Carambola trees exhibit moderate tolerance to excessively wet or flooded soil conditions, typically lasting for approximately 2 to 10 days. The duration can vary depending on factors such as the health of the tree, air temperatures (with shorter tolerance in hot conditions), and the presence of root diseases. However, during periods of flooding, the tree's growth is halted, and if the wet conditions persist, symptoms related to flooding can manifest. These symptoms include leaf wilting, yellowing and browning of leaves, drop of leaves and fruits, stem and limb dieback, and in cases where the wet conditions persist, potential tree death. Additionally, the root system may be susceptible to attack by root rotting fungi, leading to a decline in tree health, dieback, or ultimately, death.


Carambola trees do not fare well in consistently windy conditions, as they are intolerant of such environments. Signs of wind damage include browning of leaflet margins, distorted leaflet shapes, leaf drop, stem dieback, scarring on fruits, stunted tree growth, and reduced fruit size and yields. However, if carambola trees are pruned annually to keep their height under 12 feet, they can generally withstand hurricane-force winds without toppling over.

University of Florida

Updated on: 06/06/2023

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